History of Canadian record companies
Wakeman In his book, The Fabulous Phonograph, Roland Gelatt states that in there were nearly phonograph manufacturers in the U. Many new companies entered this lucrative field as basic phonographs patents held by Victor, Columbia, and Edison were expiring. Many of these companies were local in production and distribution whereas others, such as Cheney and Starr, enjoyed national distribution. It was not unusual for a furniture, department, piano, or music store to sell phonographs under its own name. Motors, reproducers, tone arms, and other hardware could be purchased from a number of independent manufacturers; the Otto Heineman Phonograph Supply Company in New York was especially important for providing basic parts. Many companies used spring motors imported from Switzerland. Not every phonograph manufacturer is represented in the following list. Some regional companies considered their advertising dollars to be poorly spent in a national trade publication as The Talking Machine World. On the other hand, some small companies are surprisingly prominent in TMW. The Delpheon Company of Bay City, Michigan, paid for large advertisements in most issues from to , yet only a handful of Delpheon machines are known to exist today.
Rock’n’roll began in the 50s and teenagers wanted to listen to the latest hits on a cheap, portable record player. Record players, though, were often not cheap, amounting to several months of saving, but nevertheless many teens made the sacrifice. Today vintage record players evoke the era of Bill Haley, Elvis Preseley and the first rock’n’roll music. From the mid 50s two tone, often blue and white, or red and white record players which could take a stack of singles and play them back to back were the favourite.
It is these record players that collectors go for today.
HMV Gramophone, Model 5 Excellent Condition, Morning Glory Horn *Post Worldwide. Phonograph Horns Antlers. In this section you will find pictures of Columbia, Victor and Edison phonographs dating from before until about jennifer zarembka. Antique phonographs.
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Nationalism, Nationalization, and the Egyptian Music Industry: By the early 20th century they had already established highly profitable global empires of production and distribution including copious quantities of music recorded far from the corporate bases of power ,2 extending along preexisting colonial networks Gronow , , If the significant forces underlying the appearance of locally owned recording companies among nations recently emerged from colonial domination were largely economic and technological, such developments were often catalyzed and facilitated—if not driven—by nationalist discourses of independence and self-sufficiency.
However, so long as there existed a shared capitalist framework, the local company might directly cooperate with the global one for instance, pressing its records locally, or—conversely—sending masters to be pressed abroad. Hobsbawm observed that states confronted nationalism as a political force distinct from state patriotism. Appropriated by the state, nationalism could become a powerful affective asset. However, he also called attention to the risks inherent in merging a comprehensive state patriotism e.
Likewise, Anderson distinguished “official nationalism” from popular national movements; dynastic empires strove to fit what was often a limited grassroots concept of nation e. As a popular sentiment, nationalism implied liberation from colonial tyranny, and empowerment of the people, but new governments typically could not tolerate such empowerment, even if they had depended upon it or promises to provide it in their own acquisition of power.
Adopted by revolutionary regimes as a ruling strategy, popular heartfelt nationalism frequently—and ironically—was radically transformed, institutionalized as a patriotism demanding unquestioning loyalty to the state:
This Gramophone has been Sold, but the details might be of interest to fellow Collectors. You will also notice a unique serial number on the back of the Soundbox, unfortunately these serial numbers did not run sequentially and there appears to be little logic to assist dating. Case Height 7″, Width 12″, Depth 12″. Each corner of the case has Doric pilasters 6 rectangular columns per side.
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He migrated to UK from Nairobi in at the age of Qualified as Chartered Engineer,he lives in Chatham, Kent. Both he and his wife are obsessed with the memories of the glorious era. Grocery was simply known as ration in those days. Velji owned a small dingy shop but seemed to stock everything that one could ask for except meat and vegetables. Basic commodities like flour, rice, various daals lentils were normally stockpiled in large gunny sacks while the local KCC ghee and butter came in tins.
Loose items like spices were sold in brown paper bags. Plastic shopping bags were unheard of then. Amongst other items in the ration list was usually a large tin of kerosene oil mafuta ya taa for our primus stove for making that pot of tea in emergency. Fresh milk was supplied by KCC in those very distinctive looking pyramid shaped packs. Our ration bill was usually less than shillings a month and once a month we had the luxury to buy a small carton of Baring biscuits too.
The idea here was that biscuits were meant to be for any guest that arrived for tea. But the notion would soon fail as within a few days we would consume the biscuits ourselves and resort to home made bajhias, chewda and ladoos for our beloved guests if ever they came. For most of us, there were no electrical cooking appliances except for charcoal fired stoves called the jikos.
Fluff on the Needle
This Gramophone has been Sold, but the details might be of interest to fellow Collectors. The Gramophone had been purchased from a shop in Plymouth, the lady recounted the memory of her Grandfather collecting the Gramophone by horse and cart from the local railway station. She gave me the trunk that was believed to have transported the base of the Gramophone all those years ago, it would have been packed in straw; this trunk accompany the Gramophone.
The horn would have been transported separately in a special wicker basket which she had not kept. Under the Gramophone base is the Gramophone Co. Finding these labels still attached to HMV Gramophones is quite rare; over the decades the glue by which they were attached dries out and they fall off and get lost.
78rpm Record Search. The Gramophone Company (HMV) The source data base currently contains all material from the British Library Early-record-catalogues for The Gramophone Co. and HMV up to and including December , and The Gramophone Co. General catalogue for December
Parlophone established a master leasing arrangement with the American label Okeh Records , making Parlophone a leading jazz label in the UK. Under EMI, Parlophone maintained its status as a jazz label. As time went on, the label also released speciality recordings of spoken word and comedy, such as the Goons and Flanders and Swann. In , Preuss hired George Martin as his assistant. When Preuss retired in , Martin succeeded him as Parlophone’s manager.
Treading a path similar to other British record labels of the era, Parlophone released all manner of domestic and foreign licensed products including that of James Brown , but had little success in comparison to that of EMI’s sibling companies HMV and Columbia Graphophone Company. The label’s fortunes began to rise in , when Martin signed the Liverpool band The Beatles.
Along with Cilla Black , Billy J. Kramer The Fourmost , and The Hollies , The Beatles brought worldwide attention to Parlophone, and it became one of the world’s most prestigious record labels. On 23 April , Miles Leonard was confirmed as the label’s president.
The Talking Machine – antique and vintage audio equipment
Needles The history of HMV has been well documented. In short it’s beginnings lay in the work of Emile Berliner, inventor of the flat disc, at the end of the 19th century under whose direction the Gramophone Company was established in the UK. Following a meeting with artist Francis Barraud, a painting of his late brother’s dog Nipper attracted the attention of The Gramophone Company as a logo and the name HMV His Master’s Voice came into existence, this being the title given to the painting by the artist.
For a while the company also made typewriters and became the Gramophone and Typewriter Company but in reverted back to it’s former name with a single focus on gramophones. The gramophone industry boomed in the 20’s but the depression at the end of caused financial problems which ultimately led to a merger with Columbia to form EMI Electric and Music Industries in
Ernest Pike was an English tenor of the early 20th century who also commonly recorded under the name of Herbert Payne. He was known for his recordings of Gilbert and Sullivan operettas and other popular songs of the Edwardian era and World War 1.
The full details of the book which inspired this web page: The book is still available and may be obtained from the Society. Obviously, a record with a long catalogue life would appear with many sorts of labels as it was re-pressed. However, from about , when the groove of a record ran on very long, smaller labels were produced as and when required. Generally speaking these will keep the design of the normal size label, as we would expect.
But there is one important departure from this.
LOVELY HMV LIBRARY BIJOU GRAND GRAMOPHONE
The efforts to capture the fleeting sounds of music have followed two basic methods: The former—musical notation—matured earlier, and in one form or another it virtually monopolized the recording of music for centuries; the latter had to await the emergence of technology for its development. In notation, symbols are written down as a message to a trained performing musician who understands them and reinterprets them into sound. Signals, on the other hand—being direct physical impressions of, and potential stimuli to, sounds—bypass the performer in their reproduction and, in some electronic compositions , even in their recording.
This article concerns itself solely with the latter, nonsymbolic, method. For information on the former method see notation.
Glenside was a record label recorded and manufactured in Dublin, (Republic of Ireland), dating from the post WWII period. The master numbers were allocated by EMI in an OEP- series. Many, if not all the 78rpnm issues were also issued on 45rpm using the same matrix numbers but with a different prefix. (who also painted the famous HMV.
Victor was an independent company during that time, and was not affiliated with RCA. The RCA Corporation bought Victor in late , and they continued to use the Victor and Victrola names and logos on their products for many years after the purchase e. Thus, you can find “Victrola” products that were made by RCA all the way into the ‘s. Our expertise is only with Victor Talking Machine Company products. RCA products are not covered on this website.
That isn’t our area of expertise. If you can’t find these identifiers on your phonograph, it is not a Victor product! There is usually a metal dataplate near the turntable or under it that has model and serial number information. We will cover the topic of deciphering the dataplate information as you continue to read onward. It will also have the Victor dog logo someplace top right.
She is the daughter of jazz trumpeter Jim Warren. In these early days, HMV handled a diversity of products, assembling toasters, radios, radiograms, irons and even bicycles in the old Wakefield Street premises in Wellington. Steel gramophone needles were imported from England in quantities of one million at a time and even after World War II, HMV was importing portable wind-up gramophones, mouth organs, piano accordions, trumpet mouthpieces, vacuum cleaners and valves.
Frequently Asked Questions. Please note that the information presented here specifically concerns vintage 78rpm and cylinder recordings. We do not deal in 45s, LPs, tapes or CDs, nor do we offer advice on these formats.
Pop music was sold via the singles chart and record players from that era were designed to play singles. Most were able to play stack of singles one after the other. Portable radios started out as bulky affairs with valves, but eventually the transistor took over the and shirt pocket radio became the 60s equivalent of the teenage mobile phone.
The popularity of music in the 50s and 60s ensured that the record player was just as popular as the radio. They were always referred to as “record players”; to use the old-fashioned term “gramophone” in the late 50s and early 60s marked you out as a member of the square, older generation. Record players had come a long way from the wind-up gramophones popular in the 20s. The most well-known make from the 50s was the Dansette. It was popular with the teenage market and was used to listen to the latest “rock’n’roll” hits.
This HMV, right, has the ubiquitous arm for playing several records one after the other. HMV was a pioneer from the horn gramophone days. Their symbol, featuring the famous dog Nipper, was a mark of quality. HMV players were considered some of the best available in the 60s. Stereo record players By the early sixties, stereo record players were available.
Where can I learn more? What is a vintage record? Vintage records fall into two categories: Vintage disc records were made roughly from to They are also referred to as coarse-groove or short play SP records. However, the 78 speed was not fully standardized until the late 20s and early 30s; prior to this time, playing speeds ranged anywhere from 60 to rpm!
Fluff on the Needle Records made before I was around to care. Tuesday, 28 March Dating of the records In the event HMV decided to go ahead and press one of the ‘satisfactory’ matrices as it stood, for Edward German was now to become unwell.
That’s a reasonable price assesment, unless you happen to be looking at a rare machine. The Victor VV is one that would likely fall into that price category. It’s a fairly easy one to find I have two – one is restored, the other awaiting restoration. There are some repro gramophones available with brass horns that might be a viable possibility.
They are usually made in India, where they supposedly found a large cache of vintage wind-up record player mechanisms in storage so I’m told. They have built these replicas around them, and they show up on eBay at varying prices. I saw another from Canada but the shipping wasn’t specified. I have one of these machines it’s in the background in my avatar , and it works well enough, it just doesn’t sound as nice as my VV There are also some repro Victors out there that are coming out of China.
They describe them as a rare 19th century gramophone, yet you’ll see about 25 of them listed.
History of the Victor Phonograph The foundation of the Victor Talking Machine Company goes back to the late ‘s, when a creative entrepreneur named Emile Berliner invented the mass-producible flat phonograph record. Edison had invented the cylinder phonograph in , but there was no practical way to mass-duplicate cylinders at that time.
The flat disc design allowed copies to be made in the manner of a printing press.
The Bruce Miller shop on George Street. People flocked to pick up records, instruments, gramophones and sheet music. The owners even announced when the first TV signals could be received in the.
Gamage Ltd, of Holborn, London. They are very rare nowadays and little is known about what may be found on this label, or for how long it was available. They use the same source of masters as Homochord, i. The catalogue numbers are in a G series and they don’t quite seem to reach G The earlier Green labelled one here, I know nothing about. My thanks to Bill Dean-Myatt for providing the label image. Girmac records may be found both as direct cut acetate discs or as solid stock pressing like the example seen here.
Many, if not all the 78rpnm issues were also issued on 45rpm using the same matrix numbers but with a different prefix. Masters from both Beka and Favorite were also used. It is conjectured that these were sold using the tallyman system of selling direct to customers door-to-door. My thanks to Derek Kell for providing the label scan.